In the year 1516 Guru Nanak started his Third Udasi (missionary tour, lit. travel). On this trip he visited Mansarovar, Tibet, China, Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir. He visited Srinagar, Anantnag and reached Mattan in the interior of the valley.At Mattan, Guruji had a discussion with a great Sanskrit scholar Pandit Brahm Das, who was proud of his knowledge. The Gurdwara is situated southeast of Srinagar at a distance of 62 km by road to Mattan, also called Martand, which is an ancient town four kilometers northeast of Anantnag. The Gurdwara established here is also called Gurdwara Patshahi Pehli (The Gurdwara of the First Master). Its original building, which was constructed by Sardar Hari Singh Nalwa at Maharaja Ranjit Singh’s request, was replaced by the present one during the 1980s. It comprises a rectangular hall with the sanctum at one end and a verandah in front.

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