Jammu and Kashmir is a land inhabited by various tribal groups. These Tribal Groups are spread in almost every corner, making their culture and tradition more rich and colorful. Dogri is the major language used by these tribesmen for conversation among them. Dogri has a status of official language under 8th schedule. The present Jammu and Kashmir region is inhabited by several enormous tribes like the Dogras populating in the plains, the Pahadis of the hills and the nomadic mountain-dwelling tribes of the Gujjars, etc. These tribes of Jammu and Kashmir make up the authentic and characteristic ethnic culture of this primaeval state and its tribal culture.


Bakarwal is a nomadic tribe based in the pirpanjal and himalayas of South Asia. They are mainly goatherds and shepherds. They are called as dhangar in rest of India.


They are known to be descendants of the Aryans, as some historians believe who later get settled on the southern hilly tracts of Kashmir, stretching up to the Punjab Plains. The Dogra Rajputs among Hindus and Chibals and Sudans, the chief sects of Muslim Rajputs are martial races, whereas the origination of the Khatris and Mahajans of Punjab have been in some dispute, with the only acknowledged factor about their basic occupation of commerce and trade.


Gujjars are known as the nomadic herders living on the hills of Kashmir valley. By some historians, Gujjars are believed to be descendants of Rajputs of Rajasthan, who had converted to Islam and started dwelling atop hills and rearing cattle. The Gujjar tribes of Jammu and Kashmir is better known for their skilful servant to the wild goats when walking and meandering through the narrow hilly tracts.

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